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Aluminium Die Casting - An Efficient Manufacturing Process for Metal Parts

Aluminium die casting is a popular manufacturing process used to produce metal parts and components with complex geometries and tight tolerances. In this process, molten aluminium alloy is injected with high pressure into reusable steel moulds, called dies. The aluminium solidifies and takes the shape of the die cavity, producing complex metal parts accurately and efficiently.

Benefits of Aluminium Die Casting

There are several benefits that make aluminium die casting a preferred choice for manufacturing metal components:

- High productivity: Die casting is highly suitable for high volume production of metal parts. Complex shapes can be mass produced efficiently with consistency.

- Dimensional accuracy: Die cast parts have excellent dimensional accuracy and smooth cast surfaces, with typical tolerance limits of +/- 0.025 mm. This reduces or eliminates secondary machining.

- Complex shapes: Intricate contours, heavy sections and thin walls can be easily produced by quality die casting. Parts with such complex geometries would be difficult or impossible with other processes.

- Superior finish: Die cast aluminium parts require little or no finish machining. The surfaces have a good finish and lustre. A range of decorative finishes can also be applied.

- Strength: aluminium die cast parts have high tensile strength and stability. The cast structure makes them more resistant to shock and vibrations.

- Low costs: Though the initial tooling costs are high, the per-unit cost of die cast parts is low for high volume production. This makes die casting very economical.

These advantages make aluminium die casting ideal for producing metal parts and components in industries like automotive, electronics, industrial machinery, aerospace, telecom, medical equipment and many others.

Aluminium Alloys Used for Die Casting

Aluminium is the most widely used non-ferrous alloy for die casting. Different aluminium alloys are used, depending on the specified mechanical and physical properties, corrosion resistance required, and other factors like fluidity, machineability, etc.

Some common aluminium alloys used for die casting include:

- Aluminium 383: This alloy offers good corrosion resistance, ductility and pressure tightness. It is typically used for housings, covers, and parts for marine applications.

- Aluminium 360: With excellent machinability, strength, and ductility, this alloy is suitable for complex shapes with thin walls and sections. It is commonly used for automotive parts.

- Aluminium 413: This heat treatable alloy offers high strength and hardness combined with ductility. It is used for parts that require high strength.

- Aluminium 518: This alloy provides good machinability, corrosion resistance, and pressure tightness. It is typically used for telecom and electrical equipment housings and covers.

- Aluminium 390: Offering excellent thermal and electrical conductivity, this alloy is extensively used in electronics and lighting components.

The Right Aluminium alloy is selected based on the specific property requirements, manufacturability, and economic considerations.

The Die Casting Process

Aluminium die casting involves the following steps:

1. Molten aluminium is melted and kept at optimal temperature in a holding furnace. Degassing tablets may be added to reduce hydrogen porosity in the final cast parts.

2. The two die halves are sprayed with lubricant and closed securely in the die casting machine.

3. The molten metal is ladled and poured into a cold chamber or injected directly into the die through a gooseneck nozzle.

4. High hydraulic pressure (up to 1200 bar) injects the metal into the die cavity, forcing the metal into every crevice and contour.

5. The metal solidifies and cools under pressure. This results in dense, precise castings with an excellent surface finish.

6. The die halves open and the casting is ejected. Runners and overflow metal that solidify in the die are removed.

7. The cast parts are cleaned by removing lubricant and surface oxides. Heat treatment may be done to enhance mechanical properties.

8. Supplementary machining and finishing operations like drilling, milling or plating are done if required. The parts are now ready for use.

High quality aluminium die cast parts are produced through correct die design, precise process control, quality inspection and testing.

Advantages of Aluminium Die Casting Companies

Companies that specialize in aluminium die casting provide many benefits to their customers:

- Expertise in die casting: They have qualified engineers with in-depth knowledge of the die casting process, metal alloys, die design and manufacture.

- High quality standards: Rigorous quality control procedures are followed at every stage - die manufacture, casting, finishing and assembly. This ensures consistently high product quality.

- Single source supplier: Reputed aluminium die casting companies have in-house facilities for all operations - die making, casting, machining, polishing, plating, assembly. This makes them a single source supplier.

- Cost savings: They can optimize the product design, material use, processes and quality control to provide high quality die cast parts at competitive costs.

- Rapid prototyping: Quick turnaround of prototypes in aluminium is possible using 3D printing or CNC machining. This accelerates product development.

- Customized services: Dependable die casting companies offer customized services like design support, simulation, secondary machining, surface treatments and assembly.

- On-time delivery: By streamlining operations and capacities, they ensure timely delivery of orders in sync with customer schedules.

When you choose an established aluminium die casting company, you leverage their expertise and capabilities for fast turnaround of high quality, cost-effective cast metal components.

Quality Considerations for Aluminium Die Cast Parts

To get top quality die cast aluminium parts, the following key factors need attention:

- Die design: The dies must be designed optimally to produce castings with desired properties. High quality steel materials should be used for longevity.

- Alloy choice: The right aluminium alloy must be selected based on the mechanical properties, appearance, weldability, corrosion resistance and other requirements.

- Melting process: A clean melting process and optimal melt temperatures are critical for quality castings. Degassing of the molten metal is also important.

- Die lubrication: Correct type and amount of die lubricant must be applied for easy ejection of castings and long die life.

- Casting parameters: Precise control of fill time, injection speed, pressure and temperature is needed to minimize casting defects.

- Cooling and solidification: Controlled cooling and uniform solidification must be ensured to obtain fine grain structure and optimum properties.

- Heat treatment: Solution heat treatment and artificial aging may be done to further enhance the strength and hardness of the castings.

- Dimensional tolerances: Stringent process control must be exercised to achieve close dimensional tolerances and avoid mismatch.

- Testing and inspection: Thorough testing and inspection procedures are necessary to weed out defective castings before shipment.

When premium quality standards are adhered to, aluminium die casting consistently yields cast parts with excellent strength, durability and reliability.


Aluminium die casting is an efficient manufacturing technique to produce high quality metal parts to tight tolerances at relatively low costs. It offers significant advantages over other forming processes. Aluminium is the predominant die casting alloy due to its properties and performance. A wide range of aluminium alloys are available to meet diverse product requirements.

Reputed aluminium die casting companies add tremendous value through their technical expertise, quality systems, prototyping services and customized support. Choosing the right supplier is key to harnessing the full benefits of aluminium die casting for your products. With attention to key parameters and quality standards, aluminium die casting provides a world-class manufacturing solution for metal components. CNC Milling