Exploring Different Types of Fasteners in CNC Machining--cncmass.com(sheet metal bending Vera)
- source:CLAREY CNC Machining
Fasteners play a crucial role in the world of CNC machining. These small hardware components are essential for securely joining various parts and ensuring that everything stays in place during operation. CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machining is a highly precise manufacturing process where computer software controls the movements of tools and machinery. In this article, we will delve into different types of fasteners commonly used in CNC machining processes.
1. Bolts and Screws:
Bolts and screws are one of the most common types of fasteners utilized in CNC machining. These threaded cylindrical objects help secure different parts together. While bolts have external threads and require nuts to lock them in place, screws typically have internal threads and directly penetrate into the materials being assembled. Both bolts and screws come in various sizes, shapes, and materials depending on the specific requirements of the project.
2. Nuts and Washers:
In conjunction with bolts and screws, nuts and washers are indispensable accessories in CNC machining. Nuts create a threaded connection with bolts or screws, creating a firm hold between multiple components. They come in different styles such as hexagonal, square, and wing nuts. On the other hand, washers act as protective spacers between nuts or bolt heads and the material surface, preventing damage from pressure or friction.
Rivets are permanent fasteners widely employed in CNC machining. Often made of metal, they consist of a cylindrical body with a rounded end called a shop head. Using heat or force, rivets are installed by passing them through pre-drilled holes in the materials to be joined. Once inserted, the tail end of the rivet is hammered down, causing it to flare out against the surface, creating a tight joint. Riveted joints can withstand high loads without loosening over time.
4. Press-Fit Fasteners:
Press-fit fasteners, also known as interference fit fasteners, provide a more straightforward assembly process. In CNC machining, these components are pressed into pre-drilled holes with sufficient force to create an interference or friction fit. Common types include dowel pins and expansion plugs. Press-fit fasteners offer high accuracy, stability, and vibration resistance and can be easily removed if needed.
5. Retaining Rings:
Retaining rings, often referred to as snap rings, are versatile fasteners employed in CNC machining applications where axial thrust forces need containment. These rings typically have an opening that allows them to be snapped into specially designed grooves or recesses. They secure parts like bearings, pulleys, and gears by preventing lateral movement. Varieties of retaining rings include internal and external types, depending on whether they fit inside a bore or over a shaft.
6. Threaded Inserts:
Threaded inserts are cylindrical objects used to add threads to materials that would not otherwise possess them. These inserts can be made from various materials like metal, plastic, or wood. Typically, they are installed using heat, ultrasonic welding, or simple press-in techniques, providing reliable threaded connections for subsequent bolts or screws. Threaded inserts find extensive application in industries demanding consistent performance and longevity.
From bolts and screws to rivets and retaining rings, the world of fasteners is vast within CNC machining processes. Each type serves its unique purpose - holding parts together, creating firm joints, and ensuring stability. Understanding the different types of fasteners available enables CNC machinists to choose the most suitable hardware components for their specific requirements. The correct selection and utilization of fasteners contribute significantly to the quality, durability, and efficiency of CNC-machined products. CNC Milling